Suppose that the file "death-list-5.rkt" contains
If you require "death-list-5.rkt" directly, then it prints the list in the usual Racket result format:
> (require "death-list-5.rkt")
'("O-Ren Ishii" "Vernita Green" "Budd" "Elle Driver" "Bill")
then, if you run "kiddo.rkt" file in DrRacket or if you run it directly with racket, "kiddo.rkt" causes "death-list-5.rkt" to print its list in traditional Scheme format, without the leading quote:
("O-Ren Ishii" "Vernita Green" "Budd" "Elle Driver" "Bill")
The "kiddo.rkt" example illustrates how the format for printing a result value can depend on the main module of a program instead of the language that is used to implement it.
Unlike the syntax-coloring property of a language (as described in Source-Handling Configuration), the result-value format is a property of a module (via its language) as opposed to a property of the module’s source text. That is, the run-time configuration for a module should be available even if the module is compiled to bytecode form and the source is unavailable. Due to this difference, language properties such as run-time configuration are not reported via a get-info function that exported from the language’s parser module, but instead through a separate module whose name is attached to the syntax object for a parsed module form.
Going back to the literal language (see Source-Handling Configuration), we can adjust the language so that directly running a literal module causes it to print out its string, while using a literal module in a larger program simply provides data without printing. To make this work, we will need three modules. (For clarity here, we will implement these modules as separate files. But they could equally well be submodules of a single file.)
.... (the main installation or the user’s space) |- "literal" |- "main.rkt" (with reader submodule) |- "language-info.rkt" (new) |- "runtime-config.rkt" (new) |- "show.rkt" (new)
The "literal/language-info.rkt" module provides reflective information about the language of modules written in the literal language. The name of this module is not special; it will be connected to the literal language through a change to the reader submodule of "literal/main.rkt".
The "literal/runtime-config.rkt" module will be identified by "literal/language-info.rkt" as the run-time configuration code for a main module that uses the literal language.
The "literal/show.rkt" module will provide a show function to be applied to the string content of a literal module. The run-time configuration action in "literal/runtime-config.rkt" will instruct show to print the strings that it is given, but only when a module using the literal language is run directly.
Multiple modules are needed to implement the printing change, because the different modules must run at different times. For example, the code needed to parse a literal module is not needed after the module has been compiled, while the run-time configuration code is needed only when the module is run as the main module of a program. Similarly, when creating a stand-alone executable with raco exe, the main module (in compiled form) must be queried for its run-time configuration, but the module and its configuration action should not run until the executable is started. By using different modules for these different tasks, we avoid loading code at times when it is not needed.
The three new files are connected to the literal language by changes to the reader submodule of "literal/main.rkt":
The module form generated by the read-syntax function must import the literal/show module and call its show function.
The module form must be annotated with a 'language-info syntax property, whose value points to a get-language-info function exported by a literal/language-info module. The get-language-info function will be responsible for reporting the literal/runtime-config as the run-time configuration action of the language.
The 'language-info syntax property value is a vector that contains a module (in this case literal/language-info), a symbol for one of the module’s exports (get-language-info in this case), and an data value (which is not needed in this case). The data component allows information to be propagated from the source to the module’s language information.
These changes are implemented in the following revised "literal/main.rkt":
#lang racket (module reader racket (require syntax/strip-context) (provide (rename-out [literal-read read] [literal-read-syntax read-syntax]) get-info) (define (literal-read in) (syntax->datum (literal-read-syntax #f in))) (define (literal-read-syntax src in) (with-syntax ([str (port->string in)]) (syntax-property (strip-context #'(module anything racket (require literal/show) (provide data) (define data 'str) (show data))) 'module-language '#(literal/language-info get-language-info #f)))) (define (get-info in mod line col pos) (lambda (key default) (case key [(color-lexer) (dynamic-require 'syntax-color/default-lexer 'default-lexer)] [else default]))))
When a module form with a 'module-language property is compiled, the property value is preserved with the compiled module, and it is accessible via reflective functions like module->language-info. When racket or DrRacket runs a module, it uses module->language-info to obtain a vector that contains a module name, export name, and data value. The result of the function applied to the data should be another function that answers queries, much like the get-info function in a language reader.
For literal, "literal/language-info.rkt" is implemented as:
The function returned by get-language-info answers a 'configure-runtime query with a list of yet more vectors, where each vector contains a module name, an exported name, and a data value. For the literal language, the run-time configuration action implemented in "literal/runtime-config.rkt" is to enable printing of strings that are sent to show:
Finally, the "literal/show.rkt" module must provide the show-enabled parameter and show function:
With all of the pieces for literal in place, try running the following variant of "tuvalu.rkt" directly and through a require from another module:
#lang literal Technology! System! Perfect!
When using syntax/module-reader to implement a language, specify a module’s language information through the #:language-info optional specification. The value provided through #:language-info is attached to a module form directly as a syntax property.