13.2 Evaluation and Compilation
(current-eval) → (any/c . -> . any) (current-eval proc) → void? proc : (any/c . -> . any)
The top-level-form provided to the handler can be a syntax object, a compiled form, a compiled form wrapped as a syntax object, or an arbitrary datum.
The default handler converts an arbitrary datum to a syntax object using datum->syntax, and then enriches its lexical information in the same way as eval. (If top-level-form is a syntax object, then its lexical information is not enriched.) The default evaluation handler partially expands the form to splice the body of top-level begin forms into the top level (see expand-to-top-form), and then individually compiles and evaluates each spliced form before continuing to expand, compile, and evaluate later forms.
(eval top-level-form [namespace]) → any top-level-form : any/c namespace : namespace? = (current-namespace)
See also Namespaces in The Racket Guide.
Calls the current evaluation handler to evaluate top-level-form. The evaluation handler is called in tail position with respect to the eval call, and parameterized to set current-namespace to namespace.
If top-level-form is a syntax object whose datum is not a compiled form, then its lexical information is enriched before it is sent to the evaluation handler:
If top-level-form is a pair whose car is a symbol or identifier, and if applying namespace-syntax-introduce to the (datum->syntax-converted) identifier produces an identifier bound to module in a phase level that corresponds to namespace’s base phase, then only that identifier is enriched.
For any other top-level-form, namespace-syntax-introduce is applied to the entire syntax object.
For interactive evaluation in the style of read-eval-print-loop and load, wrap each expression with #%top-interaction, which is normally bound to #%top-interaction, before passing it to eval.
(eval-syntax stx [namespace]) → any stx : syntax? namespace : namespace? = (current-namespace)
(current-load) → (path? (or/c symbol? #f) . -> . any) (current-load proc) → void? proc : (path? (or/c symbol? #f) . -> . any)
A load handler takes two arguments: a path (see Paths) and an expected module name. The expected module name is a symbol when the call is to load a module declaration in response to a require (in which case the file should contain a module declaration), or #f for any other load.
The default load handler reads forms from the file in read-syntax mode with line-counting enabled for the file port, unless the path has a ".zo" suffix. It also parameterizes each read to set read-accept-compiled, read-accept-reader, and read-accept-lang to #t. In addition, if load-on-demand-enabled is #t, then read-on-demand-source is effectively set to the cleansed, absolute form of path during the read-syntax call. After reading a single form, the form is passed to the current evaluation handler, wrapping the evaluation in a continuation prompt (see call-with-continuation-prompt) for the default continuation prompt tag with handler that propagates the abort to the continuation of the load call.
If the second argument to the load handler is a symbol, then:
The read-syntax from the file is additionally parameterized as follows (to provide consistent reading of module source):
(current-readtable #f) (read-case-sensitive #t) (read-square-bracket-as-paren #t) (read-curly-brace-as-paren #t) (read-accept-box #t) (read-accept-compiled #t) (read-accept-bar-quote #t) (read-accept-graph #t) (read-decimal-as-inexact #t) (read-accept-dot #t) (read-accept-infix-dot #t) (read-accept-quasiquote #t) (read-accept-reader #t) (read-accept-lang #t)
If the read result is not a module form, or if a second read-syntax does not produce an end-of-file, then the exn:fail exception is raised without evaluating the form that was read from the file. (In previous versions, the module declaration was checked to match the name given as the second argument to the load handler, but this check is no longer performed.)
The lexical information of the initial module identifier is enriched with a binding for module, so that the form corresponds to a module declaration independent of the current namespace’s bindings.
If the second argument to the load handler is #f, then each expression read from the file is wrapped with #%top-interaction, which is normally bound to #%top-interaction, before passing it to the evaluation handler.
The return value from the default load handler is the value of the last form from the loaded file, or #<void> if the file contains no forms. If the given path is a relative path, then it is resolved using the value of current-directory.
(load file) → any file : path-string?
See also Namespaces in The Racket Guide.
Calls the current load handler in tail position. The call is parameterized to set current-load-relative-directory to the directory of file, which is resolved relative to the value of current-directory.
(load-relative file) → any file : path-string?
(load/cd file) → any file : path-string?
(current-load-extension) → (path? (or/c symbol? #f) . -> . any) (current-load-extension proc) → void? proc : (path? (or/c symbol? #f) . -> . any)
An extension-load handler takes the same arguments as a load handler, but the file should be a platform-specific dynamic extension, typically with the file suffix ".so" (Unix), ".dll" (Windows), or ".dylib" (Mac OS X). The file is loaded using internal, OS-specific primitives. See Inside: Racket C API for more information on dynamic extensions.
(load-extension file) → any file : path-string?
(load-relative-extension file) → any file : path-string?
(current-load/use-compiled) → (path? (or/c symbol? #f) . -> . any) (current-load/use-compiled proc) → void? proc : (path? (or/c symbol? #f) . -> . any)
The protocol for a compiled-load handler is the same as for the load handler (see current-load), except that a compiled-load handler is expected to set current-load-relative-directory itself. The default compiled-load handler, however, checks for a ".ss" file when the given path ends with ".rkt", no ".rkt" file exists, and when the handler’s second argument is a symbol. In addition, the default compiled-load handler checks for ".zo" (bytecode) files and ".so" (native Unix), ".dll" (native Windows), or ".dylib" (native Mac OS X) files.
The check for a compiled file occurs whenever the given path file ends with any extension (e.g., ".rkt" or ".scrbl"), and the check consults the subdirectories indicated by the use-compiled-file-paths parameter relative to file. The subdirectories are checked in order. A ".zo" version of the file (whose name is formed by passing file and #".zo" to path-add-suffix) is loaded if it exists directly in one of the indicated subdirectories, or a ".so"/".dll"/".dylib" version of the file is loaded if it exists within a "native" subdirectory of a use-compiled-file-paths directory, in an even deeper subdirectory as named by system-library-subpath. A compiled file is loaded only if its modification date is not older than the date for file. If both ".zo" and ".so"/".dll"/".dylib" files are available, the ".so"/".dll"/".dylib" file is used. If file ends with ".rkt", no such file exists, the handler’s second argument is a symbol, and a ".ss" file exists, then ".zo" and ".so"/".dll"/".dylib" files are used only with names based on file with its suffixed replaced by ".ss".
While a ".zo", ".so", ".dll", or ".dylib" file is loaded, the current load-relative directory is set to the directory of the original file. If the file to be loaded has the suffix ".ss" while the requested file has the suffix ".rkt", then the current-module-declare-source parameter is set to the full path of the loaded file, otherwise the current-module-declare-source parameter is set to #f.
If the original file is loaded or a ".zo" variant is loaded, the load handler is called to load the file. If any other kind of file is loaded, the extension-load handler is called.
(load/use-compiled file) → any file : path-string?
(current-load-relative-directory) → (or/c (and/c path-string? complete-path?) #f) (current-load-relative-directory path) → void? path : (or/c (and/c path-string? complete-path?) #f)
When a new path or string is provided as the parameter’s value, it is immediately expanded (see Paths) and converted to a path. (The directory need not exist.)
(use-compiled-file-paths) → (listof path?) (use-compiled-file-paths paths) → void? paths : (listof path-string?)
The read-eval-print-loop procedure can be configured through the current-prompt-read, current-eval, and current-print parameters.
(current-prompt-read) → (-> any) (current-prompt-read proc) → void? proc : (-> any)
The default prompt read handler prints > and returns the result of
(let ([in ((current-get-interaction-input-port))]) ((current-read-interaction) (object-name in) in))
If the input and output ports are both terminals (in the sense of terminal-port?) and if the output port appears to be counting lines (because port-next-location returns a non-#f line and column), then the output port’s line is incremented and its column is reset to 0 via set-port-next-location! before returning the read result.
(current-get-interaction-input-port) → (-> input-port?) (current-get-interaction-input-port proc) → void? proc : (-> input-port?)
The default interaction port handler returns the current input port. In addition, if that port is the initial current input port, the initial current output and error ports are flushed.
The racket/gui/base library adjusts this parameter’s value by extending the current value. The extension wraps the result port so that GUI events can be handled when reading from the port blocks.
(current-read-interaction) → (any/c input-port? -> any) (current-read-interaction proc) → void? proc : (any/c input-port? -> any)
The default read interaction handler accepts src and in and returns
(parameterize ([read-accept-reader #t] [read-accept-lang #f]) (read-syntax src in))
(current-print) → (any/c -> any) (current-print proc) → void? proc : (any/c -> any)
The default print handler prints the value to the current output port (as determined by the current-output-port parameter) and then outputs a newline, except that it prints nothing when the value is #<void>.
(current-compile) → (any/c boolean? . -> . compiled-expression?) (current-compile proc) → void? proc : (any/c boolean? . -> . compiled-expression?)
The compilation handler is called by compile, and indirectly by the default evaluation handler and the default load handler.
The handler’s second argument is #t if the compiled form will be used only for immediate evaluation, or #f if the compiled form may be saved for later use; the default compilation handler is optimized for the special case of immediate evaluation.
When a compiled form is written to an output port, the written form starts with #~. See Printing Compiled Code for more information.
(compile top-level-form) → compiled-expression? top-level-form : any/c
(compile-syntax stx) → compiled-expression? stx : syntax?
(compiled-expression? v) → boolean? v : any/c
(compile-enforce-module-constants) → boolean? (compile-enforce-module-constants on?) → void? on? : any/c
When constants are enforced, and when the macro-expanded body of a module contains no set! assignment to a particular variable defined within the module, then the variable is marked as constant when the definition is evaluated. Afterward, the variable’s value cannot be assigned or undefined through module->namespace, and it cannot be defined by redeclaring the module.
Enforcing constants allows the compiler to inline some variable values, and it allows the native-code just-in-time compiler to generate code that skips certain run-time checks.
(compile-allow-set!-undefined) → boolean? (compile-allow-set!-undefined allow?) → void? allow? : any/c
(compile-context-preservation-enabled) → boolean? (compile-context-preservation-enabled on?) → void? on? : any/c
(eval-jit-enabled) → boolean? (eval-jit-enabled on?) → void? on? : any/c
A parameter that determines whether the native-code just-in-time compiler (JIT) is enabled for code (compiled or not) that is passed to the default evaluation handler. A true parameter value is effective only on platforms for which the JIT is supported.
The default is #t, unless the JIT is not supported by the current platform, unless it is disabled through the -j/--no-jit command-line flag to stand-alone Racket (or GRacket), and unless it is disabled through the PLTNOMZJIT environment variable (set to any value).
(load-on-demand-enabled) → boolean? (load-on-demand-enabled on?) → void? on? : any/c