1.14 Simple Graphical User Interfaces: "gui.ss"
The teachpack provides functions for creating and manipulating graphical user interfaces. We recommend using 2htdp/universe instead.
Window A Window is a data representation of a visible window on your computer screen.
GUI-ITEM A GUI-Item is a data representation of an active component of a window on your computer screen.
(create-window g) → Window g : (listof (listof GUI-ITEM))
Creates a window from the “matrix” of gui items g.
Is the given value a window?
(show-window w) → true w : Window
(hide-window w) → true w : window
(make-button label callback) → GUI-ITEM label : string> callback : (-> event% boolean)
Creates a button with label and callback function. The latter receives an argument that it may safely ignore.
(make-message msg) → GUI-ITEM msg : string?
Creates a message item from msg.
(draw-message g m) → true g : GUI-ITEM m : string?
Displays m in message item g and erases the current message.
Creates an text editor (with label txt) that allows users to enter text.
(text-contents g) → string? g : GUI-ITEM
Determines the current contents of a text GUI-ITEM.
(make-choice choices) → GUI-ITEM choices : (listof string?)
Creates a choice menu from choices that permits users to choose from some alternatives.
(choice-index g) → natural-number/c g : GUI-ITEM
Determines the choice that is currently selected in a choice GUI-ITEM; the result is the 0-based index in the choice menu
> (define w (create-window (list (list (make-button "QUIT" (lambda (e) (hide-window w))))))) ; A button appears on the screen. ; Click on the button and it will disappear. > (show-window w) ; The window disappears.
; text1 : GUI-ITEM (define text1 (make-text "Please enter your name")) ; msg1 : GUI-ITEM (define msg1 (make-message (string-append "Hello, World" (make-string 33 #\space)))) ; Event -> true ; draws the current contents of text1 into msg1, prepended with "Hello, " (define (respond e) (draw-message msg1 (string-append "Hello, " (text-contents text1)))) ; set up window with three "lines": ; a text field, a message, and two buttons ; fill in text and click OKAY (define w (create-window (list (list text1) (list msg1) (list (make-button "OKAY" respond) (make-button "QUIT" (lambda (e) (hide-window w)))))))