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13.10 Fast-Load Serialization

 (require racket/fasl) package: base
The bindings documented in this section are provided by the racket/fasl library, not racket/base or racket.


(s-exp->fasl v 
  #:keep-mutable? keep-mutable?]) 
  (or/c (void) bytes?)
  v : any/c
  out : (or/c output-port? #f) = #f
  keep-mutable? : any/c = #f


(fasl->s-exp in    
  [#:datum-intern? datum-intern?])  any/c
  in : (or/c input-port? bytes?)
  datum-intern? : any/c = #t
The s-exp->fasl function serializes v to a byte string, printing it directly to out if out is an output port or returning the byte string otherwise. The fasl->s-exp function decodes a value from a byte string (supplied either directly or as an input port) that was encoded with s-exp->fasl.

The v argument must be a value that could be quoted as a literal—that is, a value without syntax objects for which (compile `',v) would work and be readable after write. The byte string produced by s-exp->fasl does not use the same format as compiled code, however.

Like (compile `',v), s-exp->fasl does not preserve graph structure, support cycles, or handle non-prefab structures. Compose s-exp->fasl with serialize to preserve graph structure, handle cyclic data, and encode serializable structures. The s-exp->fasl and fasl->s-exp functions consult current-write-relative-directory and current-load-relative-directory, respectively, in the same way as bytecode saving and loading to store paths in relative form, and they similarly allow and convert constrained srcloc values (see Printing Compiled Code).

Unless keep-mutable? is provided as true to s-exp->fasl, then mutable values in v are replaced by immutable values when the result is decoded by fasl->s-exp. Unless datum-intern? is provided as #f, then any immutable value produced by fasl->s-exp is filtered by datum-intern-literal. The defaults make the composition of s-exp->fasl and fasl->s-exp behave like the composition of write and read.

The byte-string encoding produced by s-exp->fasl is independent of the Racket version, except as future Racket versions introduce extensions that are not currently recognized. In particular, the result of s-exp->fasl will be valid as input to any future version of s-exp->fasl.

> (define fasl (s-exp->fasl (list #("speed") 'racer #\!)))
> fasl

#"racket/fasl:\0\24\34\3 \1\23\5speed\16\5racer\r!"

> (fasl->s-exp fasl)

'(#("speed") racer #\!)

Changed in version of package base: Made s-exp->fasl format version-independent and added the #:keep-mutable? and #:datum-intern? arguments.